You can sponsor relatives like a brother, sister, aunt, or uncle in specific situations only.
There are two stages in the process for your eligible relatives to become permanent residents.
- You apply to sponsor your relatives.
- Your family members must apply for permanent residence.
You must send both your sponsorship application and the permanent residence application for your relatives at the same time.
WHO CAN YOU SPONSOR?
Depending on your situation, there are two options for who you can sponsor.
Orphaned brother, sister, nephew, niece or grandchild
You can sponsor an orphaned brother, sister, nephew, niece, or grandchild only if they meet all of these conditions:
- They are related to you by blood or adoption
- Both their mother and father passed away
- They are under 18 years of age
- They are single (not married or in a common-law or conjugal relationship)
You cannot sponsor your brother, sister, nephew, niece, or grandchild if:
- one of their parents is still alive
- no one knows where their parents are
- their parents abandoned them
- someone else other than their parents is taking care of them while one or both their parents are alive
- their parent is in jail or otherwise, detained
You may sponsor one relative, related by blood or adoption, of any age, if you meet both these conditions:
- you don't have a living relative you could sponsor instead, such as a: spouse, common-law partner, conjugal partner, son or daughter, parent, grandparent, orphaned brother or sister, orphaned nephew or niece, or orphaned grandchild
- you don’t have any relatives (aunt or uncle or any of the relatives listed above), who is a Canadian citizen, permanent resident, or registered Indian
If the relative you want to sponsor has a spouse, partner, or dependent children who will come with them to Canada, you must include them on the same sponsorship application.
You can’t sponsor someone inadmissible to Canada. It means they’re not allowed to come to Canada.
SPONSORING AN ELIGIBLE RELATIVE
You can sponsor if you’re 18 years of age or older and a Canadian citizen or permanent resident of Canada or registered Indian. You must live in Canada to sponsor eligible relatives. If you live in Quebec, you must also meet Quebec’s conditions to be a sponsor after IRCC approves you as a sponsor. It includes signing an “undertaking” with the province. It is a contract that binds your sponsorship.
When you sponsor a relative to become a permanent resident of Canada, you must:
- Have a total income that is at least equal to the minimum necessary income (MNI). MNI is the same as Low Income Cut-off (LICO) in this case. You can have your spouse or common-law partner as the co-signer to meet the required MNI.
- Agree in writing to give financial support to your relative and any other eligible relatives coming with them for 10 years
The person you sponsor must sign an agreement saying they will make an effort to support themselves.
Who isn’t eligible to sponsor a relative?
You may not be able to sponsor a relative if you:
- are in prison
- have not paid your alimony or child support payments
- have declared bankruptcy and haven’t been released from it yet
- got social assistance for reasons other than being disabled
- didn’t pay back an immigration loan, made late payments, or missed payments
- sponsored another relative in the past and didn’t meet the terms of the sponsorship agreement
- were convicted of a violent crime, any offense against a relative, or any sexual offense - depending on details of the case, how long ago it happened, and if you received a pardon
Other things not on this list may stop you from being able to sponsor a relative.
Get in Touch for more information about sponsoring your relatives or for assistance in applying.